Dose and temperature distribution in spent fuel containing material
1 Research Centre Řež, Ltd., Hlavní 130, 250 68 Řež near Prague, Czech Republic
2 ÚJV Řež, a.s., Hlavní 130, 250 68 Řež near Prague, Czech Republic
Accepted: 31 May 2016
Published online: 17 June 2016
Spent fuel containing material (SFCM) can arise during severe nuclear reactor accident by melting of a reactor core and surrounding material (corium) or during accident in spent fuel storage. It consists of nuclear fuel, fission products, activation products and materials from fuel cladding, concrete, etc. The paper deals with dose and temperature characteristics inside the SFCM after transition of the molten mixture to solid state. Calculations were made on simplified spherical models, without connection to some specific nuclear accident. The dose rate was estimated for alpha, beta and gamma radiation in times over the course of 30 years from the end of the fission chain reaction. Concentration of helium generated in the material by alpha decay was calculated. For the dose rate values estimation, computation code ORIGEN 2.2 with dosimetric library ENDF/B-IV were used. Temperature distribution inside the solid SFCM was calculated by FLUENT code. As source of heating, energy of radioactive decays was taken. Estimated dose and temperature characteristics can be used, e.g. for evaluation of radiation damage and temperature behaviour of SFCM or for radiation test design of corium simulating materials.
© L. Viererbl et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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