Characterization of the ion-amorphization process and thermal annealing effects on third generation SiC fibers and 6H-SiC
CEA, DEN, Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2 CEA, DEN, Service de Recherches en Métallurgie Physique, Laboratoire JANNUS, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 ICSM-UMR5257 CEA/CNRS/UM2/ENSCM, Site de Marcoule, bâtiment 426, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Cèze, France
4 CEA, DEN, Service de Recherches en Métallurgie Physique, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
5 CSNSM, CNRS-IN2P3, Université Paris-sud, 91405 Orsay, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 14 September 2015
Accepted: 24 September 2015
Published online: 9 December 2015
The objective of the present work is to study the irradiation effects on third generation SiC fibers which fulfill the minimum requisites for nuclear applications, i.e. Hi-Nicalon type S, hereafter HNS, and Tyranno SA3, hereafter TSA3. With this purpose, these fibers have been ion-irradiated with 4 MeV Au ions at room temperature and increasing fluences. Irradiation effects have been characterized in terms of micro-Raman Spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy and compared to the response of the as-irradiated model material, i.e. 6H-SiC single crystals. It is reported that ion-irradiation induces amorphization in SiC fibers. Ion-amorphization kinetics between these fibers and 6H-SiC single crystals are similar despite their different microstructures and polytypes with a critical amorphization dose of ∼3 × 1014 cm−2 (∼0.6 dpa) at room temperature. Also, thermally annealing-induced cracking is studied via in situ Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy. The temperatures at which the first cracks appear as well as the crack density growth rate increase with increasing heating rates. The activation energy of the cracking process yields 1.05 eV in agreement with recrystallization activation energies of ion-amorphized samples.
© J. Huguet-Garcia et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.