Neutronic benchmark of the molten salt fast reactor in the frame of the EVOL and MARS collaborative projects
CNRS-IN2P3-LPSC, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
2 TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
3 Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
4 Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia
5 Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
6 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden—Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany
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Received in final form: 23 October 2018
Accepted: 17 December 2018
Published online: 19 February 2019
This paper describes the neutronic benchmarks and the results obtained by the various participants of the FP7 project EVOL and the ROSATOM project MARS. The aim of the benchmarks was two-fold: first to verify and validate each of the code packages of the project partners, adapted for liquid-fueled reactors, and second to check the dependence of the core characteristics to nuclear data set for application on a molten salt fast reactor (MSFR). The MSFR operates with the thorium fuel cycle and can be started with 233U-enriched U and/or TRU elements as initial fissile load. All three compositions were covered by the present benchmark. The calculations have confirmed that the MSFR has very favorable characteristics not present in other Gen4 fast reactors, like strong negative temperature and void reactivity coefficients, a low-fissile inventory, a reduced long-lived waste production and its burning capacities of nuclear waste produced in currently operational reactors.
© M. Brovchenko et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.