Trends in severe accident research in Europe: SARNET network from Euratom to NUGENIA
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), BP3,
2 Agenzia Nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile (ENEA), Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3 Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas MedioAmbientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Avda. Complutense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4 Jozef Stefan Institute (JSI), Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
6 University of Pisa, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Industriale (DICI), Largo Lucio Lazzarino 1, 56122 Pisa, Italy
7 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA), Cadarache, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
* e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 28 August 2017
Accepted: 29 August 2017
Published online: 23 October 2017
SARNET (Severe Accident Research Network) was set up under the aegis of the Framework Programmes of the European Commission from 2004 to 2013 and coordinated by IRSN to perform R&D on severe accidents in water-cooled nuclear power plants. The network self-sustainability was achieved through integration mid-2013 in the NUGENIA European association devoted to R&D on fission technology of Generation II and III. The SARNET activities continue in the technical area “Severe accidents” through technical workshops, ranking of R&D priorities, improvements of severe accident codes, ERMSAR international conferences, and education and training courses. Six technical domains are addressed in this technical area: in-vessel corium/debris coolability, ex-vessel corium interactions and coolability, containment behaviour including hydrogen risk, source term released to the environment, impact of severe accidents on the environment and emergency management, and severe accident scenarios. The ranking of research priorities in the NUGENIA R&D roadmap that was published in 2015 underlined the need to focus efforts in the next years on the improvement of prevention of severe accidents and on the mitigation of their consequences, as highlighted by the Fukushima Dai-ichi accidents. Several current projects on mitigation of severe accident consequences in Euratom or NUGENIA frame are shortly described in this paper.
© J.-P. Van Dorsselaere et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.