Nuclear core activity reconstruction using heterogeneous instruments with data assimilation
Électricité de France, 1 avenue du Général de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart cedex, France
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Received in final form: 8 October 2015
Accepted: 20 November 2015
Published online: 18 December 2015
Evaluating the neutronic state (neutron flux, power…) of the whole nuclear core is a very important topic that has strong implication for nuclear core management and for security monitoring. The core state is evaluated using measurements and calculations. Usually, parts of the measurements are used, and only one kind of instrument is taken into account. However, the core state evaluation should be more accurate when more measurements are collected in the core. But using information from heterogeneous sources is at glance a difficult task. This difficulty can be overcome by Data Assimilation techniques. Such a method allows to combine in a coherent framework the information coming from numerical model and the one coming from various types of observations. Beyond the inner advantage to use heterogeneous instruments, this leads to obtaining a significant increase of the quality of neutronic global state reconstruction with respect to individual use of measures. In order to describe this approach, we introduce here the basic principles of data assimilation (focusing on BLUE, Best Unbiased Linear Estimation). Then we present the configuration of the method within the nuclear core problematic. Finally, we present the results obtained on nuclear measurements coming from various instruments.
© B. Bouriquet et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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